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Grenada’s Last Africans: Indentured Africans in Grenada and Their Legacy

July 4, 2014

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Image Source: Shango Ceremony, Levera, St. Patrick, 1962. Courtesy Cultural Equity

 

Dr. James D. Pitt Voices of Grenada Lecture Series

         A presentation on

 “Grenada’s Last Africans:

Indentured Africans in Grenada and Their Legacy

by Shantelle George, PhD student

 Wednesday 9 July 2014

5:15 to 7:00 PM

The Grenada National Museum

British suppression of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade resulted in the diversion of enslaved Africans, destined for the plantations of Brazil and Cuba, into the British Caribbean from 1807 to the 1860s. Around 2,700 Africans were sent to Grenada in this manner, pressured into labour agreements lasting for up to three years. Thus, the indentureship scheme was another form of labour coercion following chattel enslavement, enacted to fulfill the perceived post-Emancipation labour shortages on the plantations.

These indentured Africans, like the enslaved Africans before them, resisted attempts by the state to control their labour, time and space, by balancing wage labour with more independent economic activities. It is important to note that these indentured Africans became culturally distinctive within the wider population as they retained some of their African cultures. This meant that this relatively small number of Africans left a remarkable cultural legacy in Grenada, rejuvenating existing traditions as well as bringing new traditions to the island, such as Shango.

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